The Babylonian Zodiac is one of the oldest astrological systems in use today, but its origins are shrouded in mystery. Were ancient Babylonians using a system of constellations? Or did they have their own zodiacs that were adopted by later civilizations?
The babylonian astrology birth chart is a type of astrology that was created by the Babylonians. It has been used for thousands of years to predict future events and can be found in many ancient texts.
The Zodiac of Babylonia in Ancient Astrology
The Babylonian Zodiac is the foundation for the current zodiac that we all know and adore. There were originally 17–18 zodiac signs, however the list was subsequently reduced to 12 zodiac signs.
Ancient astrology, which goes back at least 4,500 years, has regrettably been diluted and distorted since the emergence of the Babylonian zodiac.
Great astrologers, on the other hand, understand that in order to provide the most precise and accurate astrological readings, you must go deep into astrology’s real roots. The Babylonian Zodiac is a fantastic place to begin!
In this post, I’ll go through the ancient Babylonian Zodiac signs and their significance.
Astronomy in the Ancient World
Astronomy and astrology were often regarded synonymous until very recently in human history. Astronomy and astrology are the oldest and most holy disciplines because ancient people believed the stars, constellations, and planets were endowed with souls and deities.
Throughout the globe, ancient astronomical calendars have been discovered. Gobekli Tepi’s ancient astronomical observatory is now thought to be at least 12,000 years old. Archaeologists can only guess about what religious (or astro-theological) significance it may have had. The same cannot be true for the astronomy that emerged from Mesopotamia in ancient times.
The ancient Sumerians were the first to develop and codify written language, known as Cuneiform, as well as the first to monitor and record the motions of the Moon, Sun, and Stars in great detail. There is evidence that their astronomical knowledge was handed down for thousands of years before their civilizations arose; however, it is a subject for another day.
The Babylonian star catalogs are the earliest recorded records of astonomical observations that we know of. This ancient collection dates from 1200 BCE, making Babylonian astrology the world’s earliest astrological system.
The Enma Anu Enlil (roughly, “When the Gods Anu and Enlil…”) is one of the oldest of these collections. The book is made up of 68-70 astrological tablets, each of which contains between 6,500 and 7,000 precise predictions.
One of the primary objectives of maintaining such meticulous astronomical records seems to have been to forecast the king’s and nation’s condition of affairs.
Many scholars think that replicas of the tablets were used to transport Mesopotamian astrology from Babylon to India between 400 and 300 BCE. This explains why the zodiac of the Near East is still a significant element of Indian astrology, or Joytish, today.
It’s worth noting that the motions of the Moon were given precedence in the Enma Anu Enlil, followed by those of the Sun. Weather patterns were given secondary consideration. Surprisingly, the planets’ motions were ranked last. In reality, the planets and stars are only mentioned in the final 20 tablets.
The Babylonain Zodiac – MUL.APIN
The MUL.APIN (lit. “The Plow”), one of Babylonian astrology’s most important star lists, is thought to have been created about 1000 BC, but there is evidence that it dates back far further. It includes 71 stars and constellations, as well as rising and setting times for each of them. The stars are also mentioned with the associated god, and in certain instances, a brief epithet is included, which provides information about his or her character.
The list of stars and constellations that follow the ecliptic route may be found on the first of the two tablets that make up this star catalog. The Babylonian zodiac, and subsequently our modern zodiac, were based on these constellations.
There were originally between 17 and 18 constellations. This number was subsequently decreased to 12 zodiac signs in later editions. These same constellations were subsequently adopted by the Greeks after being stolen by the Egyptians. As the zodiac we know and love today, the 12 Babylonian constellations have remained largely intact.
The Babylonian Zodiac
The 12 remaining constellations of the Babylonian Zodiac, as mentioned in the MUL.APIN, are shown below. It’s worth noting that Taurus is the first constellation to appear:
- GU.AN.NA – Heavenly Bull, Heaven’s Bull (Taurus)
- MASH.TA.BA – The Great Twins, MASH.TA.BA (Gemini)
- AL.LUL – Crayfish, Pincers (Cancer)
- UR.GU.LA – The Lion, The Lion, The Lion, The Lion, The Lion, The Lion, The Lion, The Lion (Leo)
- AB.SIN — Sin’s Daughter, The Seed-Furrow (Virgo)
- GISH.ERIN or ZI.BA.AN.NA – Heavenly Fate, The Scales (Libra)
- GIR.TAB – The Scorpion That Claws And Cuts (Scorpio)
- PA.BIL.SAG – Defender, The Overseer PA.BIL.SAG – Defender, The Overseer PA.BIL.SAG (Sagittarius)
- SUHUR.MASH – Goat-Fish, Goat-Fish, Goat-Fish, Goat-Fish, Goat-Fish, Goat-Fish, Goat-F (Capricorn)
- GU.LA – The Great One, Lord Of Waters (Aquarius)
- Fishes, The Tails, Swallow Tail – SIM.MAH (Pisces)
- LU.HUNG.GA – LU.HUNG.GA – LU.HUNG.GA – LU.H (Aries)
Taurus, the Heavenly Bull
Taurus, or the Bull of Heaven, was the first sign in the ancient Babylonian zodiac.
The constellation Taurus was known in ancient Mesopotamia as GU.AN.NA, or “Bull of Heaven.” It’s a shortened form of GU.GAL.AN.NA, or “the Great Bull of Heaven,” a Sumerian mythical character.
The Vernal Equinox was originally represented by the constellation Taurus, not the modern constellation Aries, when astronomy was emerging in ancient Mesopotamia.
Equinox Precession is a phenomenon in which the equinoxes go backwards in time
The Vernal Point shifts backward 1 degree every 72 years or so. This rearward motion is also responsible for the 24 degree discrepancy between the Tropical and Sidereal Zodiacs.
The Sumerian New Year, Akitu, was celebrated on the Spring Equinox in ancient Mesopotamia. In the Fertile Crescent, crops were gathered before to the dry season, unlike in warmer European areas where seeds are sown in the spring.
This is significant since the constellation Taurus has long been linked with spring, regeneration, and harvest. Of fact, the Heavenly Bull is much more than its connection to the equinox suggests.
We must turn to the god himself, as well as the characters who surround him, to grasp what Taurus really meant in ancient Mesopotamia.
Gugalanna is a legendary figure in Greek mythology.
Gugalanna was Ereshkigal, the Goddess of the Underworldfirst ,’s spouse and Inanna’s older sister. When Gilgamesh rejected Inanna, she begged Anu, Lord of the Sky, to release the Great Bull from his custody so that he might punish the rebellious god-king.
Anu grudgingly consented and entrusted Gugalanna to Inanna, who dispatched him to Gilgamesh’s realm, where he devoured the rivers and plants. Enkidu, Gilgamesh’s friend, however, murdered him. Inanna then went down into the underworld to comfort Ereshkigal.
Anu, the Sumerian King of the Gods and Lord of the Heavens, was Gugalanna’s servant. He was both a creator and a fair judge. Gugalanna would have been an agent of both under Anu’s rule.
Ereshkigal, his wife’s name, means “Queen of the Earth.” She had exclusive power to establish and execute the rules of the Underworld as queen of the realm of the dead. Gugalanna, as her subordinate, would have also served as a law and order enforcer.
It’s worth noting that Gugalanna’s kid with Ereshkigal was Ninazu, a beneficent deity of healing who isn’t mentioned in this story. Given that the Spring Equinox is a time of plenty and rebirth, it’s not unreasonable to believe that part of Ninazu’s healing talent was handed down from at least one of his parents. The Heavenly Bull, as a god of rebirth and restoration, is the more probable choice of the two.
Finally, we consider Inanna’s involvement in the narrative. She is undoubtedly the most prominent female divinity in ancient Mesopotamia as the young goddess of love, sexuality, fertility, and battle. The Heavenly Bull, as her champion, becomes both a weapon of divine vengeance and a kind of heavenly sacrifice. He transforms into a force of sexuality, fertility, and fury as her substitute.
In Ancient Egypt, the Bull
In ancient Egypt, bull sacrifices and ceremonial funerals were frequent. By studying the mythology of the bull-god Apis, we may get a clearer grasp of why.
Apis, who was originally a fertility or agricultural goddess, is one of Egypt’s oldest gods. Ptah, the God of Creation, had him as a servant. Apis was chosen as Ptah’s envoy because of his bravery, strength, and persistence, according to legend. Apis, on the other hand, was regarded a real manifestation of Ptah, unlike Gugalanna, who only worked on behalf of the Sumerian gods.
Apis subsequently became an aspect of Osiris, who was sacrificed, controlled the underworld, and was resurrected in mythology. He was linked with benevolent justice, love, youth, and serenity. Osiris was also linked with the Nile’s yearly flooding, and therefore with the renewal of life and fertility. Apis, being an incarnation of Osiris, takes on these characteristics as well.
The Sumerian Gugalanna and the Egyptian Apis are strikingly similar in their connections with superior creative and judicial deities, their rulership of the underworld, their divine sacrifice, and their connotations with fertility, love, youth, and power.
The Symbolism of Taurus in the Ancient World
Cattle in ancient times were not like the domestic animals that most westerners are acquainted with today. Ancient breeds were massive animals with magnificent horns that were worn as a sign of power and grandeur by kings and gods alike. These beautiful creatures were originally domesticated for their capacity to pull plows, then for their milk and meat production. They were a symbol of riches and success throughout the ancient world.
When all of this is taken into account, we can see that Taurus’ ancient astrological associations should include: bounty, conveyance (of both information and physical material), courage, creation, death, divinity, ferocity, fertility, greatness, healing, health, hunger, justice, life, love, nourishment, order, power, prosperity, renewal, responsibility, restoration, retribution, righteousness, sacrificial
Gemini is the sign of the Great Companions.
MASH.TA.BA, or “the Great Twins,” was the Babylonian name for the constellation we now know as Gemini. MUL.MASH.TAB.BA.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.GAL.
To comprehend the astrological connections of this ancient zodiac sign, we must consider the constellation from two perspectives: the first, as symbolizing two distinct aspects of the Sumerian deity Nergal; and the second, as representing two different aspects of the Sumerian god Nergal.
Lugalirra and Meshlamtaea
The Great Companions were known in Babylonian astronomy as Meshlamtaea, or “the one who has emerged from the underworld,” and Lugalirra, or “the powerful monarch.”
Nergal, the King of the Underworld and God of War and Pestilence, is known by both titles. Now, before you pass judgment on the God of Plagues, have a look at his mythology.
Enlil, a prominent deity of both creation and destruction, and Ninlil, a goddess of agriculture and healing, had a son named Nergal. Enlil was exiled to the underworld for seducing Ninlil, who accompanied her husband to the realms of the dead, where she produced his offspring, Nergal among them, according to legend.
Both of his parents were benign deities, and as you may remember from the tale of the Heavenly Bull, a connection to the Land of the Dead does not make a god evil.
Nergal Was Supposedly Good
Despite his reputation for death, battle, and disease, Nergal had a compassionate side. His Northern Mesopotamia counterpart, Aplu, was widely regarded as both a bringer and a defender from all of the aforementioned disasters.
Consider how Nergal came to be connected with death and devastation in the first place if you’re asking how a god associated with death and destruction could possibly have benign qualities.
Nergal as a Shamash Aspect
Nergal was a manifestation of Shamash, the Sun God; particularly, the noon and midsummer sun, Shamash’s fiercest and deadliest aspects. This would have been regarded as a period of death and drought, unlike in European climes when high summer is considered lush and lively.
The God of the Sun Shamash was a God of Justice and Law. He was also renowned for freeing individuals from demon possession. Nergal, being a part of Shamash, had to have shared at least some of these characteristics. Shamash and Nergal were often portrayed as lions or with the heads of lions.
Nergal is also linked to the bull, which is not unexpected given that in later versions of mythology, Nergal, not Gugalanna, is Ereshkigal, the Queen of the Underworld’s spouse.
There has to be enough resemblance between the God of Plagues and the Heavenly Bull for the transfer to be effective. Both deities are certainly linked to delivering justice via terrible methods. And just when the greenery starts to die and the dry summer months come in, both constellations symbolizing them take center stage in the sky.
Egypt’s Potential Alternative
Maahes, a lion-headed God of War in Egyptian mythology, is also a lion-headed God of War. He, like Nergal, was a son of Ptah, the God of Creation. Maahes, like Nergal’s father Enlil, was linked to winds and storms.
Bast, his mother, was a fearsome warrior and protective defender. Maahes’ reputation as a bringer of brutal but fair justice lives on (not unlike Gugalanna).
Maahes, unlike Nergal, does not govern the Underworld, but he does battle Apep, the demon-like serpent God of Darkness. This is especially fascinating when you consider how the constellation Gemini was regarded in Mesopotamia.
Guardians of the Underworld: The Great Companions
The Great Companions are portrayed as warriors prepared for combat and wielding weapons on Babylonian star charts, in stark contrast to current portrayals. The two warriors were regarded as underworld guards.
The ancients regarded the barrier between the living and dead as dangerously thin as summer approached, since it was the season of death and disease. As a result, it would have been up to the two guardians to keep demons from escaping at the next Summer Solstice, when they might cause havoc in an already dangerous period.
The constellation’s protecting motif may be observed in sculptures of the Companions discovered buried at entrances all throughout ancient Mesopotamia.
As we can see, the destructive underworld god would very likely have been linked with protection. However, there is another facet of the Sumerian God of War that we must consider.
The Softer Side of Nergal
Nergal was married to Ereshkigal, the Goddess of the Land of the Dead, as you may remember from a few lines back. The circumstances surrounding this marriage reveal a lot about Nergal’s real character.
Nergal offended one of Ereshkigal’s messengers, and as a result, the underworld goddess herself, according to legend. Either to beg her pardon or to accept her punishment, he went into the Underworld.
He fell passionately in love with her when she was undressing for a bath. He quickly hugged her and the two began coitus for the next six days.
Nergal snuck away when Ereshkigal was sleeping and returned to the heavenly world for unexplained reasons.
When Ereshkigal learned, she erupted in anger and asked that the heavenly gods make her beloved back. Despite the gods’ failures, Nergal ultimately sought out the Underworld on his own will.
When he returned, he burst out laughing and hugged her in a passionate kiss. After another week, Nergal is crowned King of the Underworld, and they resume their continuous lovemaking.
Ancient Affiliations of Gemini
As we’ve seen, the Zodiac Sign of Gemini’s initial astrological connections would have been very different from “conventional” readings.
Companionship, conflict, death, destruction, disease, drought, evasion, exorcism, ferocity, fire, heat, illness, indecision, justice, love, lust, order, partnership, passion, power, righteousness, sex, strength, stubbornness, summer, war, and youthful folly are some of the astrological associations for Gemini in ancient Mesopotamian and Egyptian myths.
Cancer is a deceiving digger.
The constellation of Cancer was previously known as “AL.LUL,” a Sumerian term that means “deceptive digger” in the Babylonian zodiac.
Despite the fact that the Akkadian term “alluttu” means “pincers,” no picture of a crab has ever been discovered on a border stone, proving it unlikely that the constellation was ever regarded as such. In its place, though, there is another “deceptive digger” that stands out: the turtle.
Sumerian Mythology and the Turtle
Unlike some of the other constellations, AL.LUL does not seem to be associated with any particular deity or mythical character, at least none that we are aware of. What we do know is that Enki, the Sumerian God of Creation, Wisdom, and Water (can you say Aquarius? ), was connected with the turtle.
With his tremendous power, Enki was said to have shaped the world. He was the God of fresh and underground waters, and as such, he was credited with fertilizing the soil. He was also in charge of the Gifts of Civilization, which he had to preserve and distribute.
Ninurta, a Sumerian God of War and Hunting, desired these treasures and decided to take them, according to legend. Enki detected Ninurta’s schemes and created a turtle to thwart him before he could carry them out.
Ninurta was grabbed by the tendon from behind, and the turtle dug a large hole with its claws, pulling Ninurta down into it.
Enki’s turtle, like the Bull of Heaven, is a champion of a higher, creator god. Unlike Gugalanna, who is charged with dispensing divine vengeance, the Turtle is tasked with carrying out a preemptive assault from a position of concealment.
Unfortunately, “Ninurta and the Turtle” is an unfinished poem, and we never discover what happened to him. The turtle is mercilessly chewing at Ninurta’s ankle the last we hear of him, as Enki mocks the war-god from above.
Enki, Lord of the Waters
The Lord of Waters was Enki’s title. Fresh water was regarded as his sperm, and he was solely responsible for fertilizing the land, particularly via floods. In Babylonian astrology, omens around the zodiac sign of Cancer were utilized to forecast water levels.
It’s not unreasonable to believe that Enki, who was in charge of both pouring and holding back the waters, would send his messenger, the biting turtle, precisely when the Fertile Crescent’s dry summer months were reaching their apex.
The fact that AL.LUL is referenced in connection with the water levels of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Babylonian star catalogs supports this hypothesis.
AL.LUL would have been strongly linked with death and the underworld as a prominent constellation during the season of death, a motif we can see repeated in his Egyptian equivalent: the scarab.
Connections to Egypt
The constellation of Cancer was depicted in Egyptian astrology as a scarab beetle, a species intimately connected with the daily cycle of the sun, rather than a crab or turtle.
The scarab beetle pushing dung balls across the desert reminded the ancient Egyptians of the sun being pushed across the sky, beyond the horizon, and into the underworld, only to reappear the following day. As a result, the scarab, as well as the sun god Khepri, who personified this process, was linked with birth, death, and regeneration.
Khepri, like Enki, was linked to the creation or molding of the world. He was also thought to be a part of the sun’s cycle: the rising sun from under the horizon and out of the underworld in the morning.
Enki’s turtle, like Khepri’s, emerges from the ground, only to return to the underworld — a clear allusion to the birth, life, and death cycle. We know that Egyptians linked turtles with the Underworld, and Enki himself is said to live in a subterranean ocean called Abzu.
Enki was the God of Magic and Wisdom. He also guarded mankind from sickness, disaster, and bad spirits. The turtle, like his champion, would have shared similar characteristics. The Egyptians, by the way, regarded the turtle as possessing all of these qualities. The turtle and tortoise were employed in medicine and magic to guard against sickness, death, and demons.
Ancient Cancer Connections
After a closer look, we can see that the ancient peoples of Mesopotamia and Egypt most likely associated the Zodiac Sign of Cancer with the following attributes: creation, cunning, death, deception, defense, determination, fearlessness, fertility, gnawing, healing, intelligence, intuition, justice, life, magic, order, penetration, pursuit, power, protection, psychic perception, regeneration, and relentance.
The Great Carnivore is Leo.
The zodiac sign of Leo is often associated with power, strength, and majesty. While the lion was definitely associated with these in ancient Mesopotamia, it also had far worse implications.
The constellation we now know as Leo was originally known as UR.GU.LA, which means “Great Carnivore” in the Babylonian Zodiac. The celestial lion rose to prominence in the Mesopotamian sky just as the dry, terrible summer was reaching its height in ancient times.
Drought, disease, and mortality were all prevalent at this period, and the sign of Leo was undoubtedly linked with all of these. While the identity of the heavenly lion is unknown, there are a few Mesopotamian deities that match the description.
Shamash and Nergal
The lion was an obvious choice as a symbol of the sun, with its magnificent mane and golden fur. That may explain why Shamash, the sun God of Law and Justice, and Nergal, the solar God of War and Pestilence, were often portrayed as such. It’s much more probable that Nergal is represented by the constellation Leo, particularly because the God of Death and Drought was regarded Shamash’s noon and midsummer aspect.
Some believe that Leo represents the Sumerian goddess Inanna, also known as the “Lioness of Heaven.” She is, however, well depicted in a neighboring constellation, not far below the lion’s shoulder, therefore I believe she is a less probable option.
Inanna’s Relationship with the Lion
Nonetheless, the lion’s link to the Goddess of War should not be ignored. She was said to have a holy lion with her as she went into war. At the very least, it reminds us of the lion’s link to battle, with summer being the ideal season for conducting overseas operations.
The Sumerian Humbaba, the fire-breathing protector of the cedar grove in the Gods’ abode, is another possibility. Humbaba was nurtured by Shamash in legend, confirming his ties to both the sun and Nergal. The enormous lion would have had some of Shamash’s righteous qualities as his representative, making him an obvious choice as guardian and defender of the holy wood.
Here we notice a minor departure from the summer constellation’s hungry carnivore. Humaba is a guardian of the natural world and divine order, while being a terrible monster by any measure.
In the ancient world, Humbaba isn’t the only lion that guards its prey. Assyrian Lamassu statues have been discovered all throughout Mesopotamia. The sculptures, which represent large lions with human heads, were put at the gates of palaces, towns, and even houses as both a kind of divine protection and a form of decoration. The lion was a symbol of strength and heavenly authority for those who could harness its ferocious might.
Sekhmet was an Egyptian god.
Sekhmet, one of the most well-known lion characters in Egyptian mythology, has striking resemblances to the Sumerian Nergal.
The lion-headed Goddess, like Nergal, was linked with battle, slaughter, plague, death and sickness protection, justice, and the noon sun. Surprisingly, both deities were over over heels in love with their consorts at first sight.
Similarities between Sekhmet and Nergal
Ra, the Sun God, sent Sekhmet to chastise mankind for their sins, according to legend. She descended onto a country that was crimson with the blood of the people.
Ra ordered Sekhmet to stop her violent activity because he felt terrible for humanity. She was, however, enraged by bloodlust and could only be tamed when Ra duped her into drinking a lot of crimson beer. She beheld Ptah, the God of Creation, as she awoke and fell madly in love with him.
This is similar to the tale of Nergal, who, upon seeing the Queen of the Underworld to make apologies for offending the goddess Ereshkigal by refusing to bow to her emissary, fell passionately in love with her.
However, Nergal isn’t the only Mesopotamian god that resembles Sekhmet. Humbaba, the Sun God’s adoptive son, was a fire-breathing guardian and justice-servant. Sekhmet, the Sun God Ra’s daughter, was a ferocious defender and a servant of justice. She was also believed to have formed the deserts by merely breathing on the ground.
Her power to mold the world may be attributed in part to her marriage to Ptah, the God of Creation. Sekhmet was the patroness of physicians and healers in ancient Egypt, as is widely known.
The lion-headed Mahees was another son of Sekhmet, and I’ve previously mentioned his resemblance to Negral. Mahees, like the Mesopotamian Shamash, was a demon-fighter, confirming Sekmet’s link to the same.
Ancient Affiliations of Leo
The motif of the celestial lion was identical across the area, regardless of whatever god was represented by the constellation Leo.
Following a closer examination, we can deduce that the ancients most likely associated Leo with: authority, conflict, consumption, creation (through destructive or transformative means), death, destruction, disease, divine protection, drought, exorcism, ferocity, fire, healing, heat, hunger, illness, indecision (see the story of Nergal and Ereshkigal), justice, law, love, lust, nature, offense, orde, orde, orde, orde, orde
The Seed Furrow is Virgo’s sign.
Most individuals who are acquainted with the Virgo zodiac sign know the constellation as “the Virgin.” The benign connotations of this term are reflected in many of its connections. People born under this Sign are often described as “shy,” “modest,” and “quiet.”
The Greeks and later the Romans attributed these characteristics to the constellation. The constellation of Virgo, on the other hand, had nothing to do with virginity or its purported characteristics in the ancient Babylonian zodiac.
AB.SIN stands for “A Daughter of Sin” (the Moon God)
The constellation Virgo is designated as AB.SIN in the Babylonian Star Catalogs. The term may be interpreted in two different ways. The first is’seed furrow,’ which alludes to the constellation’s agricultural and fertility associations.
AB.SIN first appeared on the eastern horizon in the early autumn of ancient Mesopotamia, when seed-sowing was taking place. The constellation itself included a heavenly lady clutching a stalk of barley, symbolizing the upcoming harvest.
Crop success and failure were predicted by the passage of the Sun, Moon, and planets across her area of the sky.
The second translation of AB.SIN, the Daughter of Sin, reflects the word’s reproductive connotations.
Sin is the Moon’s God.
Sin was the Akkadian God of the Moon and the father of Ishtar, one of the most famous goddesses of antiquity. There are numerous stories about the goddess, but the tale of Gilgamesh and the Bull of Heaven is perhaps the finest example of her heavenly connections.
Gilgamesh’s beauty drew Ishtar in and she gave him her hand in marriage. The god-king, however, disagreed, giving instances of how her tremendous love had often ended in the destruction of a thing. Ishtar’s tremendous love of animals, for example, culminated in their domestication or slavery.
“You adored the horse, so dependable in combat, yet you gave him the whip, goad, and lash.”
When she was hit by lightning, the people she cared about frequently turned into animals as well.
“You were enamored with the shepherd… However, since you struck him and transformed him into a wolf, his own shepherd boys are hunting him down, and his dogs are tearing at his haunches.”
Ishtar was enraged and requested that her father give her Gugalanna, the Heavenly Bull, to kill Gilgamesh and destroy his city.
“I will strike if you do not give me the Bull of Heave… I’m going to turn my face towards the pits of hell, and I’m going to raise the dead and feed them to the living. I’m going to make the living outnumber the dead!
Ishtar’s father gives her the Bull’s reins to avoid inciting a zobie apocolypes. Gilgamesh and his city are then targeted by her. However, the Heavenly Bull was killed, and Ishtar summoned her cult of sacred prostitutes to mourn his decapitated corpse.
Ishtar was young and lovely, yet virginity and maidenly virtues were not among her characteristics. Inanna, her Sumerian equivalent, is the same way.
Despite her other attributes of wisdom and understanding, the “Lady of Heaven” was notorious for instigating bloodshed. In fact, combat was often referred to be “Inanna’s Dance.”
Isis is an Egyptian god.
The constellation Virgo was symbolized by the most famous and powerful goddess in mythology in ancient Mesopotamia, and the same was true in Egypt.
The constellation Virgo was linked with Isis by the ancient Egyptians. Her veneration extended across the Greek and Roman empires, and it is still practiced in contemporary Paganism.
There are many myths about Isis, which are beyond the scope of this essay. Fertility, sexuality, procreation, and creative force in general were, without a doubt, her realm.
She was the patroness of mothers since she was the mother of the deity Horus. She was the patroness of spouses, had strong ties to healing and magic, and possessed both life and death powers as Osiris’ wife and resurrection.
She, like Inanna, was linked with wisdom and understanding, particularly when it came to magic. Isis, on the other hand, was rarely plagued by anger and emotional instability, unlike her Mesopotamian predecessors. She was, in general, an everlasting nurturer and healer, the ultimate embodiment of love and compassion.
As Christianity became more prominent in the area, the Virgin Mary took the place of Isis as the Mother of God, and her virginal qualities were overlaid on the Virgo constellation.
Ancient Virgo Connections
Given this, we can safely conclude that the constellation of Virgo was associated with animals, authority, beauty, conflict, creation, cunning, death, determination, domestication, emotional sensitivity, fertility, healing, health, the land, life, magic (metaphysical energy), marriage, motherhood, nature, nurturing, preparation, power, rage, resurrection, sex, sexuality, vengeance in ancient times.
Learn about the true origins of astrology.
There’s a lot more to astrology’s beginnings than simply the Babylonian zodiac signs and their ancient interpretations. If you want to learn how to give people ancient astrology readings and are an aspiring astrologer, I’m glad to share all of my expertise with you.
Sign up for My Monthly Blog
Each month, you’ll get a free monthly sidereal astrological prediction based on the Babylonian zodiac, sent to your email.
Success! You’ve been added to the list.
Whoops! We were unable to process your subscription due to an error. Please try again after reloading the page.
The enlil zodiac sign is a Babylonian Zodiac that was used for astrology. It was created by the god Enlil and it has 12 signs.
Frequently Asked Questions
Did the Babylonians create the zodiac signs?
The Babylonians did not create the zodiac signs.
Did the Babylonians believe in astrology?
Is the zodiac from Babylon?
The zodiac is a symbol that represents the 12 constellations of the celestial sphere. It was created by ancient Babylonians, and it has been used in many cultures throughout history.
- where did astrology originate
- what was the first zodiac sign created
- history of zodiac signs
- babylonian zodiac dates
- sumerian zodiac